A christian who was killed because he believed in Jesus Christ is a martyr. The first disciples of Jesus Christ were persecuted.
One of them who persecuted the Christians was Saul of Tarsus. Later
Saul met the resurrected Jesus Christ in a great light from heaven. He then lost his sight for some time before it was restored
by Ananias of Damascus. He then believed that Jesus Christ is the Jewish Messiah and son of God. Saul from then on
and took the name Paul. When the wars against the Christian Byzantine Empire began also persecution of Christians began. In the
year 636 the Christian Byzantine Empire lost control over areas in modern day Lebanon and Syria to the Muslim Rashidun caliphate.
Just 38 years later, starting in the year 674, the Muslim Ummayad Caliphate had their forces in Anatolia and were besieging
Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. During the period of 678 to 1065 the Christian nations had many wars and
conflicts and most of them were with Christians against Christians. The Muslim Seljuk Turks attacked the Byzantine Empire in
1065 and advanced westward all the way past Nicea. In 1095 the Christian Roman Catholic pope Urban II decided for a pilgrimage
eastwards to retake Jerusalem and the east from the Muslims. This is called the First Crusade and the city of Antioch was taken.
In the year 1099 Jerusalem was taken by the crusaders and they established control over the area there. The Second Crusade
retook all of Cilicia with a victory over the Muslim Pechengs. The Second Crusade also ended at Antioch in the year 1142. The
Christians moved east and were defeated by the Muslim Turks at the battle of Myriokephalon in 1176. The western coast of
Anatolia was still in control of the Christians. There the Muslim Turks were defeated in the Battle of Hyelion and Leimocheir
in the year 1177. The crusaders were in Jerusalem later and held that important city for a time. Pilgrims from Europe were safer
to visit Jerusalem when there were Christian forces there. Earlier some pilgrims from Northern Europe were killed when there
were no Christian soldiers protecting them. The Muslim Ottoman Empire attacked Europe during the following centuries and in the
17th century they were as far north as Austria and Crimea in the east. They controlled the taken territories and the Christians
living under the Ottoman rule were for example persecuted and raped in some cases. In 1655 to 1660 the swedish lutheran nation
attacked Poland and there were christian catholics killed in great numbers together with looting. The Ottoman Turks were attacking
the city Vienna (now in the country Austria) in 1683 but they were stopped by European forces led by the polish king Jan Sobieski
III outside the city of Vienna. The conflict between European countries and the Ottoman Empire ended with a defeat for the Ottoman
empire. In France the french people did a revolution which had political plans against christianity. It could have been christian
martyrs there when many people were killed. During the 19th century the Muslim Ottoman empire started to lose territory in Europe.
During 1894 to 1915 the Muslim Turks in Anatolia killed over 1.5 million Christians living there. The events with mass killings etc.
that began on the 24th of april 1915 are called the Armenian Genocide. The revolution in Christian Russia in 1917, controlled by the
communists, started much persecution of Christianity in Russia and Europe during the 20th century. The communists were atheist and anti
religious. In Germany the Nazi party gained power in the 1930s and the Nazi-dictature killed a catholic priest in Poland during World war 2.
The communists killed a polish priest in Poland in the 20th century. Jerzy Popieluszko. In 1991 the Soviet Union dissolved and Christianity
started to be more allowed again in Russia and the other countries that had been Soviet satellite states. Now during the 21st century, Muslim
extremists have persecuted Christians. In many countries Christians but also westerners, have been killed. There have been many victims
in attacks perpetrated in USA, Europe, Russia, the Middle East and in Africa.
Paul the Apostle
War of the Holy League
Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution
Nazi persecution of the Catholic church in Poland
Persecution of Christianity